Newborn infants are not born with the complete visual abilities as an adult has. The vison of the infants for about 3 or 4 months is still not very clear for the baby to experience the whole new world. As time moves on, the young babies also learn well to see the whole world in their view, walk and also talk with people around.
The reason why it takes so much time for the baby’s vision to completely develop is that the baby is learning. Here are some important information you need to know as being a parent of the infant.
Vision comes from Learning
The baby’s vision depends on how well the baby’s brain uses the vision information that is received from the outer world. Since the baby is born,it tries to explore the wonders that is happening around the world with their eyes. Though the babies cannot learn to reach and crawl out in initial stages the baby’s eyes are providing the information and also the stimulation that is important for the development.
There are different stages in vision development in the babies. Parents should understand the role of each stage and have to note down or have an eye on the baby about their visual development progress. So here is complete information about what all happens in a particular duration of time.
Birth to 4 Months
During this time the babies do not focus on the objects which are more than 8 to 10 inches off their faces. This shows the innate sense of learning new things. Though they seem to be looking at a target object, they are actually not getting the complete image. They cannot move their eyes between any two objects and tell the difference between them. But during the first month itself there is rapid improvement in the eye hand co-ordination and babies start to track the objects. A good focus is gained in the 8th week and they focus the eyes of parents and other persons close to them. It is good to provide varied stimulation to the babies during this time period.
5 to 8 months
Babies have already gained a good control over the eye movements and the eye and body coordination skills are still continuing to improve. The ability to detect the objects that are near and far away, known as depth perception is not developed until the baby is 5 month old. The baby’s eyes are now capable of working together to form a three-dimensional view of the world and begin to see in depth. The color vision is still not as accurate as an adult but it is gradually developing starting from the fifth month.
9 To 12 Months
Babies at this age are using the eyes and hands together. At around 9 months of age, babies begin to pull themselves up to a standing position. By 10 months of age, a baby should be able to grasp objects with thumb and forefinger. Parents should encourage the baby to crawl more rather than walk, which develops the eye hand co-ordination in babies. Babies can now judge distances fairly well and throw things with precision.
One to Two Years
– By the time the baby is 2 years old the child’s eye hand coordination and depth perception is completely developed. Children this age are highly interested in exploring their environment and in looking and listening. They recognize familiar objects and pictures in books and can scribble with crayon or pencil.
The babies cannot completely see the objects around them during birth. As they grow on their eyes and visual system gains significant improvement during the first few months of life. Healthy eyes and good vision play a critical role in how infants and children learn to see. Eye and vision problems in infants can cause developmental delays. It is important to detect any problems early to ensure babies have the opportunity to develop the visual abilities they need to grow and learn.